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    The Shipping Federation was founded in 1890, in order to promote the interests of shipowners. Its primary purpose was as 'a fighting machine' to counter the increasing power of the seamen's unions, and in particular J. Havelock Wilson's recently formed National Amalgamated Sailors' and Firemen's Union. As a strong advocate of free labour, the Federation was ruthless in its breaking of strikes, and these activities resulted in the liquidation of the NASFU in 1894. However, in the wake of the 1911 sailors' and dock-workers' strike, the Federation began to recognise the place of the unions, and to work more closely with them. This was a process accelerated by the outbreak of war, during which period the Federation also over-saw the founding of the National Maritime Board (see MSS.367/NMB). The Federation also became more involved in the training of seamen, and in 1918 the Gravesend Sea School was founded, shortly followed by others in Cardiff, Glasgow, Liverpool, London and Southampton.

    By 1930, the Federation was made up of 23 districts, each of which was consulted on an important issues. The central policy maker was the Executive Council, which met in London twice a year and was made up of 140 members. In between council meetings, the work of the Federation was carried out by its committees, the main one of these being the General Purposes committee, presided over by the Council chairman. The Federation also worked closely with other shipping organisations, including the Employers' Association of the Port of Liverpool, with which it eventually merged in 1967 to become the British Shipping Federation. The Chamber of Shipping also shared many of the Federation's members, and in 1975 these two bodies joined to create the General Council of British Shipping. In 1991, there was a third change of name, and the organisation was re-named the Chamber of Shipping. Records relating to the Federation from 1975 onwards can be found in the Chamber of Shipping archive (see MSS.367/COS).


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    Date: Sat 5 September, 2015
    Views: 176
    Filesize: 27.7kb
    Dimensions: 447 x 256
    Keywords: rodney mills
    Rodney Mills
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    Registered: March 2010
    Location: USA
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