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Thread: Barry Docks, and Cardiff, the tramp steamer capital of the world.

  1. #181
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    Default Re: Barry Docks, and Cardiff, the tramp steamer capital of the world.

    Parish of Cardiff St Mary the Virgin

    Our next 175th anniversary event involves another anniversary!
    Celebrating the 60th anniversary of the release of Tiger Bay we
    are hosting a film night with Butetown Community Centre!

    TBAY.jpg
    "Our veterans did not forget about us .... Let's not forget about them." From Michael Levesque

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  3. #182
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    Default Re: Barry Docks, and Cardiff, the tramp steamer capital of the world.

    'Why Tiger Bay’s diverse history should be celebrated in Cardiff Bay... but it's not'

    The tales of its derivation are tall. Folklore gives us several versions, from the legend of the woman who used to walk around Loudoun Square with two tigers, to the Portuguese seamen who allegedly said navigating the tricky tides off Cardiff was like sailing through a bay of tigers.

    There is also the more prosaic theory that its reputation as a wild and lawless port of crime, prostitution and illegal gambling earned it the once-generic term used by sailors for hedonistic stop-offs across the globe.

    Those clichés may have been what discouraged the men in suits who redeveloped the Bay from preserving the Tiger. Those in Wales who never experienced its multicultural embrace first hand stigmatised it.

    https://www.walesonline.co.uk/news/w...RN9iAcjX3O48ds
    "Our veterans did not forget about us .... Let's not forget about them." From Michael Levesque

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  5. #183
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    Default Re: Barry Docks, and Cardiff, the tramp steamer capital of the world.

    LOCAL HISTORY: Barry docks / Barry Island etc:

    The day SS Valiesia came to Barry with Italian Coal.

    In 1926 there was a general strike lasting 9 days from 3 May to 13 May. The aim of the strike was to stop mine owners reducing pay and increasing shifts from 7 to 8 hours. It was estimated on the first full day of action up to 1.75 million people went on strike, not only miners took action, other industries joined in sympathy including bus, rail and dock workers.

    The SS Valsesia described as a strike breaking coal carrier drifted onto rocks after failing to anchor and when the tide went out the ship broke into two. She was grounded at Friars point for many months. Finally being salvaged in 1927.

    SS V.jpg
    "Our veterans did not forget about us .... Let's not forget about them." From Michael Levesque

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  7. #184
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    Default Re: Barry Docks, and Cardiff, the tramp steamer capital of the world.

    The face of a merchant seafarer lost to the sea

    The Merchant Seaman’s Memorial in Cardiff Bay is in the form of a sleeping face fused with a ship’s hull, made by riveting plates of metal together. The technique is one traditional to early iron and steel ship building. The sculptor Brian Fell, whose own father had been a merchant seaman, was commissioned to create the work in 1994 by Cardiff Bay Arts Trust, Cardiff Bay Development Corporation, Merchant Navy Memorial Committee and Cardiff County Council.

    Bill Henke MBE (founder of The Merchant Navy Association Wales) spent years raising funds for the construction of the memorial. There is a plaque recognizing his work outside the circular mosaic base of the memorial on which are inscribed the words:

    IN MEMORY OF THE MERCHANT SEAFARERS FROM THE PORTS OF BARRY PENARTH CARDIFF WHO DIED IN TIMES OF WAR

    Each May, The Merchant Navy Association Wales organises a remembrance service to mark the anniversary of the dedication of this Memorial. This year the service will be held at the Memorial (in Cardiff Bay) on 25 May 2019 at 11.00 am. The service will be multi-faith to reflect the sacrifices made by seafarers from all nations and will have readings from the Tanakh, the Bible, and the Koran.

    Attendees at the service will include representatives from associated veterans’ groups, The Royal British Legion, The Mission to Seafarers, Royal National Lifeboat Institute, Maritime Volunteer Service, The Merchant Navy Associations of Swansea and Newport, Sea Cadets, the Royal Naval Reserve, local shipping companies, and the Maritime and Coastguard Agency.

    Our project has been looking at the role the merchant ships and their crews played during the first World War.

    https://uboatproject.wales/2019/04/2...7bFjDA9nyehClY

    MNA (Wales) Annual Remembrance Service.
    Sat 25th May
    Merchant Navy (Wales) Monument / Memorial.

    Cardiff Bay at 1100
    "Our veterans did not forget about us .... Let's not forget about them." From Michael Levesque

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  9. #185
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    Default Re: Barry Docks, and Cardiff, the tramp steamer capital of the world.


    Cardiff’s merchant fleet takes a heavy toll


    On the eve of the Great War, Cardiff’s trade in coal was at record levels of 10.5m tonnes per annum; there were more than 100 coal exporting businesses and around seventy firms managing over 300 ships. Losses over the course of the war - principally from German U Boat attacks - saw at least 200 of these ships sunk. The sinkings took place not only around the coast of Wales and the British Isles but also in the Mediterranean and off Norway. Cargoes included, wheat, sugar, iron ore, steel, oil military/government stores and, not surprisingly, coal.

    At the beginning of the U Boat campaign warning was usually given to enable the crew of the ship under attack to take to the lifeboats but in February 1917 the Germans declared “unrestricted submarine warfare” and vessels were torpedoed or fired on without warning resulting in 124 British vessels lost in 1917 alone.

    We have identified many of the ships that were either registered, owned or operated by Cardiff based firms that fell victim to U-boat action - the list runs to 205 vessels. We have also listed British registered ships that sailed from Cardiff and didn't reach their destination - numbering 128.

    Tragically there was great loss of life among the crews of these ships. We list those that seemed to have Cardiff families separately from the rest - the total of lives that we have identified as being lost was over 1200. Many have only the sea as a resting place, and these are commemorated at the Merchant Seafarers Memorial in Cardiff Bay as well as at the Tower Hill Memorial in London and the Bombay 1914-1918 Memorial Mumbai

    We acknowledge the following sources used in compiling these lists:

    - a group of volunteers at Glamorgan Archives
    - uboat.net and wrecksite.eu websites
    - Commonwealth War Graves Commission

    https://www.tigerbay.org.uk/uboat-pr...M2SwE9qZs2-UyE
    "Our veterans did not forget about us .... Let's not forget about them." From Michael Levesque

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  11. #186
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    Default Re: Barry Docks, and Cardiff, the tramp steamer capital of the world.

    D Day 75th Year Commemoration

    Barry Cenotaph

    13:40 Today.


    "Look out to sea and say a prayer
    For those who rest beneath,
    They gave their lives that you may share
    A Europe that is free."

    BD13925180_1280273088651951_8862587027149878355_n.jpg
    "Our veterans did not forget about us .... Let's not forget about them." From Michael Levesque

  12. #187
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    Default Re: Barry Docks, and Cardiff, the tramp steamer capital of the world.

    Queen Alexandra Dock, in what is now Cardiff Bay, was opened on 13th July 1907.

    The Glamorganshire Canal was completed in 1794, providing a link between the docks in Cardiff and the industrial heartland of Merthyr. It helped to establish Cardiff as an export centre of iron and coal. A consequent need to provide adequate dock facilities led the 2nd Marquess of Bute to construct the West Bute Dock, which was operational by October 1839. During the 1850s coal was to replace iron as the principal export from South Wales, with exports exceeding 2 million tonnes by 1862. The East Bute dock was opened in 1859 to meet the increasing worldwide demand for coal.
    The Roath Dock was opened in 1887, and Queen Alexandra Dock in 1907, facilitating a rise in exports to 10,700,000 tonnes. However, after WW1 the coal and steel industries in South Wales went into a gradual decline, which had a devastating effect on Cardiff docks. In 1987, only 3 of the original docks remained in operation. The Cardiff Bay Development Corporation was set up in April 1987, challenged with planning the regeneration of the old docklands area of South Cardiff and Penarth. The Wharf was opened in 1990, forming the initial part of the Atlantic Wharf development on the East Bute Dock. This was the first phase of the Cardiff Bay development and represented the beginning of a new era for the Docks area of Cardiff.

    CRDDIFFDLK.jpg
    "Our veterans did not forget about us .... Let's not forget about them." From Michael Levesque

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  14. #188
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    Default Re: Barry Docks, and Cardiff, the tramp steamer capital of the world.

    18th July 1889 - Opening of the first dock basin at Barry.

    By 1871, the population of Barry was approximately 100, with only 21 buildings. It was largely an agricultural community. Its rapid growth was the result of it being developed as a coal port in the 1880s. The coal trade was growing so rapidly that the facilities at Cardiff's Tiger Bay could not cope. This combined with the Bute Estate's monopoly of the docks use resulted in coalition of mine owners led by David Davies, forming the Barry Railway Company and building new docks at Barry.
    Work began in 1884, and the initial dock basin was operational in 1889, soon followed by two other docks and port infrastructure. The Barry Railway transported coal from the western South Wales Valleys to the new docks, where trade flourished. A million tonnes were shipped in the first year, and in excess of nine million tonnes by 1903. The port was packed with ships and supported ship repair yards, flour mills, cold stores, and an ice factory. By 1913, Barry was the world's largest coal exporting town. Alongside the docks, the terraced houses of Barry were built, which, with Cadoxton, formed a substantial town. The railways, which had played a major part in the development of the dock, also did a great deal to make Barry Island a popular resort.

    BRYD2.jpg BRY.jpg
    "Our veterans did not forget about us .... Let's not forget about them." From Michael Levesque

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